Masih belajar buat blog Linux Traffic Control (3)

Sumber: http://awarmanf.wordpress.com/2009/12/30/linuxtc3/

Topologi jaringan dan desain htb

Kriteria dalam pembuatan traffic control ini:

  1. Traffic control hanya untuk trafik eggress dari device lan (eth0) dan wan (eth1).
  2. Trafik dari local area network (lan) ke router dan sebaliknya tidak melalui traffic control.
  3. Trafik dari internet ke lan (downstream) akan melalui traffic control, kecuali trafik dari port 80 (www) yang mempunyai tanda TOS 0×30 atau DSCP 12 (cache hit).
  4. Setiap pc atau anggota lan akan memiliki class dan qdisc sendiri-sendiri.
  5. Tidak ada class default untuk handle traffic untuk object yang tidak didefinisikan atau unclassified traffic.

Catatan: trafik ke internet port 80 akan melalui server proxy remote secara transparent.

Topologi network

Network LAN : 192.168.41.0/24
IP Router   : 192.168.41.1
IP Client   : 192.168.41.2 - 192.168.41.14
Device LAN  : eth0
Device WAN  : eth1

Alokasi bandwidth internet downstream

Root
  - Ceiling  : 384kbps
  - Rate     : 384kbps
Client
  - Ceiling  : 384kbps
  - Rate     : 16kbps

Alokasi bandwidth internet upstream

Root
  - Ceiling  : 128kbps
  - Rate     : 128kbps
Client
  - Ceiling  : 128kbps
  - Rate     : 16kbps

Source Code tc-3.sh



Source Code tc-3.sh

001 #!/bin/sh
002
003 # File: tc-3.sh
004 #
005 # Deskripsi: Trafik control untuk membatasi downstream dan upstream dengan htb
006 #
007 # Kriteria:
008 #   1. Traffic control hanya untuk trafik eggress dari device lan (eth0) dan wan (eth1).
009 #   2. Trafik dari local area network (lan) ke router dan sebaliknya tidak melalui traffic control.
010 #   3. Trafik dari internet ke lan atau downstream akan melalui traffic control, kecuali trafik
011 #      dari port 80 (www) yang mempunyai tanda TOS 0×30 atau DSCP 12 (cache hit).
012 #   4. Setiap pc atau anggota lan akan memiliki class dan qdisc sendiri-sendiri.
013 #   5. Tidak ada class default untuk handle traffic untuk object yang tidak didefinisikan atau unclassified traffic.
014 #
015 # Created by Arief Yudhawarman (2009)
016 # Email: awarmanff at yahoo.com
017 #
018
019 IPTABLES="/usr/sbin/iptables"
020 TC="/sbin/tc"
021
022 # parameter
023 LAN="eth0"
024 WAN="eth1"
025
026 # Bandwidth
027 # (kbps)
028 # ROOT CLASS
029 # Downstream
030 RATEDW=384
031 CEILDW=384
032 # Upstream
033 RATEUP=128
034 CEILUP=128
035 #
036 # SUB CLASS
037 # Downstream
038 RATESUBDW=16
039 CEILSUBDW=384
040 # Upstream
041 RATESUBUP=16
042 CEILSUBUP=128
043
044 # parameter
045 LAN="eth0"
046 WAN="eth1"
047
048 #
049 # IPTABLES
050 # PACKET MANGLE
051 #
052
053 #
054 # FLUSH table
055 #
056 $IPTABLES -F -t mangle
057
058 #
059 # PREROUTING
060 #
061 # Incoming traffic to WAN
062 #
063 # packets cache hit with dscp 12 (tos 30) set mark to 5
064 iptables -A PREROUTING -t mangle -i $WAN -p tcp --sport 80 -m dscp --dscp 12 -j MARK --set-mark 5
065 iptables -A PREROUTING -t mangle -i $WAN -p tcp --sport 80 -m dscp --dscp 12 -j RETURN
066 # others set mark to 6
067 iptables -A PREROUTING -t mangle -i $WAN -j MARK --set-mark 6
068 #
069 # Incoming traffic to LAN
070 #
071 # mark packets to 7
072 iptables -A PREROUTING -t mangle -i $LAN -j MARK --set-mark 7
073
074 #
075 # FORWARD
076 #
077 # Incoming traffic from outside (wan) forwarded to inside (lan)
078 #
079 # catch cache hit with fwmark 5 and set mark to 0x212
080 iptables -A FORWARD -t mangle -p tcp -m mark --mark 5 -j MARK --set-mark 0x212
081 #
082 # mark packets based on destination ip
083 for i in `seq 2 14`
084 do
085 j=$((i+10))
086 iptables -A FORWARD -t mangle -d 192.168.41.$i -m mark --mark 6 -j MARK --set-mark $j
087 done
088 #
089 # Incoming traffic from inside (lan) forwarded to outside (wan)
090 #
091 # catch fwmark 7 and set mark according to source ip
092 for i in `seq 2 14`
093 do
094 j=$((i+20))
095 iptables -A FORWARD -t mangle -s 192.168.41.$i -m mark --mark 7 -j MARK --set-mark $j
096 done
097
098 #
099 # TRAFFIC CONTROL
100 #
101
102 #
103 # DOWNSTREAM
104 #
105 # Create qdisc & class
106 tc qdisc del dev $LAN root
107 tc qdisc add dev $LAN root handle 1:0 htb
108 tc class add dev $LAN parent 1:0 classid 1:2 htb rate ${RATEDW}kbit ceil ${CEILDW}kbit quantum 1500 prio 6
109
110 #
111 # Sub class of parent 1:2
112 #
113 # IP Clients 192.168.41.2 - 192.168.41.14
114 for i in `seq 2 14`
115 do
116 j=$((i+10))
117 # create class per ip address
118 tc class add dev $LAN parent 1:2 classid 1:$j htb rate ${RATESUBDW}kbit
119 ceil ${CEILSUBDW}kbit quantum 1500 prio 6
120 # attach qdisc
121 tc qdisc add dev $LAN parent 1:$j handle $j sfq perturb 10
122 done
123
124 #
125 # Filter traffic
126 #
127 # IP Clients 192.168.41.2 - 192.168.41.14
128 for i in `seq 2 14`
129 do
130 j=$((i+10))
131 # Attach filter to flowid with specified handle (packet mark)
132 tc filter add dev $LAN protocol ip parent 1:0 prio 6 handle $j fw flowid 1:$j
133 done
134
135 #
136 # UPSTREAM
137 #
138 # Create qdisc & class
139 tc qdisc del dev $WAN root
140 tc qdisc add dev $WAN root handle 1:0 htb
141 tc class add dev $WAN parent 1:0 classid 1:2 htb rate ${RATEUP}kbit ceil ${CEILUP}kbit quantum 1500 prio 6
142
143 #
144 # Sub class of parent 1:2
145 #
146 # IP Clients 192.168.41.2 - 192.168.41.14
147 for i in `seq 2 14`
148 do
149 j=$((i+20))
150 # create class per ip address
151 tc class add dev $WAN parent 1:2 classid 1:$j htb rate ${RATESUBUP}kbit
152 ceil ${CEILSUBUP}kbit quantum 1500 prio 6
153 # attach qdisc
154 tc qdisc add dev $WAN parent 1:$j handle $j sfq perturb 10
155 done
156
157 #
158 # Filter traffic
159 #
160 # IP Clients 192.168.41.2 - 192.168.41.14
161 for i in `seq 2 14`
162 do
163 j=$((i+20))
164 # Attach filter to flowid with specified handle (packet mark)
165 tc filter add dev $WAN protocol ip parent 1:0 prio 6 handle $j fw flowid 1:$j
166 done

Untuk memahami aliran paket atau traffic flow dalam router silahkan simak gambar di bawah:

#!/bin/sh

# File: tc-3.sh
#
# Deskripsi: Trafik control untuk membatasi downstream dan upstream dengan htb
#
# Kriteria:
#   1. Traffic control hanya untuk trafik eggress dari device lan (eth0) dan wan (eth1).
#   2. Trafik dari local area network (lan) ke router dan sebaliknya tidak melalui traffic control.
#   3. Trafik dari internet ke lan atau downstream akan melalui traffic control, kecuali trafik
#      dari port 80 (www) yang mempunyai tanda TOS 0×30 atau DSCP 12 (cache hit).
#   4. Setiap pc atau anggota lan akan memiliki class dan qdisc sendiri-sendiri.
#   5. Tidak ada class default untuk handle traffic untuk object yang tidak didefinisikan atau unclassified traffic.
#
# Created by Arief Yudhawarman (2009)
# Email: awarmanff at yahoo.com
#

IPTABLES="/usr/sbin/iptables"
TC="/sbin/tc"

# parameter
LAN="eth0"
WAN="eth1"

# Bandwidth
# (kbps)
# ROOT CLASS
# Downstream
RATEDW=384
CEILDW=384
# Upstream
RATEUP=128
CEILUP=128
#
# SUB CLASS
# Downstream
RATESUBDW=16
CEILSUBDW=384
# Upstream
RATESUBUP=16
CEILSUBUP=128

# parameter
LAN="eth0"
WAN="eth1"

#
# IPTABLES
# PACKET MANGLE
#

#
# FLUSH table
#
$IPTABLES -F -t mangle

#
# PREROUTING
#
# Incoming traffic to WAN
#
# packets cache hit with dscp 12 (tos 30) set mark to 5
iptables -A PREROUTING -t mangle -i $WAN -p tcp --sport 80 -m dscp --dscp 12 -j MARK --set-mark 5
iptables -A PREROUTING -t mangle -i $WAN -p tcp --sport 80 -m dscp --dscp 12 -j RETURN
# others set mark to 6
iptables -A PREROUTING -t mangle -i $WAN -j MARK --set-mark 6
#
# Incoming traffic to LAN
#
# mark packets to 7
iptables -A PREROUTING -t mangle -i $LAN -j MARK --set-mark 7

#
# FORWARD
#
# Incoming traffic from outside (wan) forwarded to inside (lan)
#
# catch cache hit with fwmark 5 and set mark to 0x212
iptables -A FORWARD -t mangle -p tcp -m mark --mark 5 -j MARK --set-mark 0x212
#
# mark packets based on destination ip
for i in `seq 2 14`
do
  j=$((i+10))
  iptables -A FORWARD -t mangle -d 192.168.41.$i -m mark --mark 6 -j MARK --set-mark $j
done
#
# Incoming traffic from inside (lan) forwarded to outside (wan)
#
# catch fwmark 7 and set mark according to source ip
for i in `seq 2 14`
do
  j=$((i+20))
  iptables -A FORWARD -t mangle -s 192.168.41.$i -m mark --mark 7 -j MARK --set-mark $j
done

#
# TRAFFIC CONTROL
#

#
# DOWNSTREAM
#
# Create qdisc & class
tc qdisc del dev $LAN root
tc qdisc add dev $LAN root handle 1:0 htb
tc class add dev $LAN parent 1:0 classid 1:2 htb rate ${RATEDW}kbit ceil ${CEILDW}kbit quantum 1500 prio 6

#
# Sub class of parent 1:2
#
# IP Clients 192.168.41.2 - 192.168.41.14
for i in `seq 2 14`
do
  j=$((i+10))
  # create class per ip address
  tc class add dev $LAN parent 1:2 classid 1:$j htb rate ${RATESUBDW}kbit 
     ceil ${CEILSUBDW}kbit quantum 1500 prio 6
  # attach qdisc
  tc qdisc add dev $LAN parent 1:$j handle $j sfq perturb 10
done

#
# Filter traffic
#
# IP Clients 192.168.41.2 - 192.168.41.14
for i in `seq 2 14`
do
  j=$((i+10))
  # Attach filter to flowid with specified handle (packet mark)
  tc filter add dev $LAN protocol ip parent 1:0 prio 6 handle $j fw flowid 1:$j
done

#
# UPSTREAM
#
# Create qdisc & class
tc qdisc del dev $WAN root
tc qdisc add dev $WAN root handle 1:0 htb
tc class add dev $WAN parent 1:0 classid 1:2 htb rate ${RATEUP}kbit ceil ${CEILUP}kbit quantum 1500 prio 6

#
# Sub class of parent 1:2
#
# IP Clients 192.168.41.2 - 192.168.41.14
for i in `seq 2 14`
do
  j=$((i+20))
  # create class per ip address
  tc class add dev $WAN parent 1:2 classid 1:$j htb rate ${RATESUBUP}kbit 
     ceil ${CEILSUBUP}kbit quantum 1500 prio 6
  # attach qdisc
  tc qdisc add dev $WAN parent 1:$j handle $j sfq perturb 10
done

#
# Filter traffic
#
# IP Clients 192.168.41.2 - 192.168.41.14
for i in `seq 2 14`
do
  j=$((i+20))
  # Attach filter to flowid with specified handle (packet mark)
  tc filter add dev $WAN protocol ip parent 1:0 prio 6 handle $j fw flowid 1:$j
done

Untuk memahami aliran paket atau traffic flow dalam router silahkan simak gambar di bawah:

Sumber: Manual mikrotik refman2.9.pdf.

Analisa paket mangle dan traffic control untuk trafik downstream
Perhatikan baris-baris yang tercetak tebal.

  • tc -s -d qdisc show dev eth0; iptables -L FORWARD -t mangle -nv| head -n 16
qdisc htb 1: r2q 10 default 0 direct_packets_stat 6144 ver 3.17
 Sent 31783127 bytes 49709 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 5839)

qdisc sfq 12: parent 1:12 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
 Sent 5118517 bytes 15858 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0) 
qdisc sfq 13: parent 1:13 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
 Sent 81859 bytes 206 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0)
qdisc sfq 14: parent 1:14 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
 Sent 6626893 bytes 6817 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0)
qdisc sfq 15: parent 1:15 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
 Sent 0 bytes 0 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0)
qdisc sfq 16: parent 1:16 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
 Sent 0 bytes 0 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0)
qdisc sfq 17: parent 1:17 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
 Sent 11525 bytes 45 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0)
qdisc sfq 18: parent 1:18 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
 Sent 8475558 bytes 11965 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0)
qdisc sfq 19: parent 1:19 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
 Sent 3277886 bytes 4621 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0) 
qdisc sfq 20: parent 1:20 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
 Sent 0 bytes 0 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0)
qdisc sfq 21: parent 1:21 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
 Sent 4558 bytes 23 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0)
qdisc sfq 22: parent 1:22 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
 Sent 0 bytes 0 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0)
qdisc sfq 23: parent 1:23 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
 Sent 0 bytes 0 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0)

qdisc sfq 24: parent 1:24 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
 Sent 3012356 bytes 4030 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0)
Chain FORWARD (policy ACCEPT 1676K packets, 904M bytes)
 pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination
 4921 4911K MARK       tcp  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            0.0.0.0/0           MARK match 0x5 MARK set 0x212
15858 4897K MARK       all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            192.168.41.2        MARK match 0x6 MARK set 0xc 
  206 78975 MARK       all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            192.168.41.3        MARK match 0x6 MARK set 0xd
 6817 6531K MARK       all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            192.168.41.4        MARK match 0x6 MARK set 0xe
    0     0 MARK       all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            192.168.41.5        MARK match 0x6 MARK set 0xf
    0     0 MARK       all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            192.168.41.6        MARK match 0x6 MARK set 0x10
   45 10895 MARK       all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            192.168.41.7        MARK match 0x6 MARK set 0x11
11966 8308K MARK       all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            192.168.41.8        MARK match 0x6 MARK set 0x12

 4621 3213K MARK       all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            192.168.41.9        MARK match 0x6 MARK set 0x13
    0     0 MARK       all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            192.168.41.10       MARK match 0x6 MARK set 0x14
   23  4236 MARK       all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            192.168.41.11       MARK match 0x6 MARK set 0x15
    0     0 MARK       all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            192.168.41.12       MARK match 0x6 MARK set 0x16
    0     0 MARK       all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            192.168.41.13       MARK match 0x6 MARK set 0x17
 4030 2956K MARK       all  --  *      *       0.0.0.0/0            192.168.41.14       MARK match 0x6 MARK set 0x18

Analisa paket mangle dan traffic control untuk trafik upstream

Perhatikan baris-baris yang tercetak tebal.

  • tc -s -d qdisc show dev eth1; iptables -L FORWARD -t mangle -nv
  • qdisc htb 1: r2q 10 default 0 direct_packets_stat 191743 ver 3.17
     Sent 45055014 bytes 244485 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 4314)
    qdisc sfq 22: parent 1:22 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
     Sent 3539507 bytes 16353 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0) 
    qdisc sfq 23: parent 1:23 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
     Sent 55439 bytes 324 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0)
    qdisc sfq 24: parent 1:24 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
     Sent 1213280 bytes 6968 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0)
    qdisc sfq 25: parent 1:25 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
     Sent 0 bytes 0 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0)
    qdisc sfq 26: parent 1:26 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
     Sent 0 bytes 0 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0)
    qdisc sfq 27: parent 1:27 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
     Sent 9806 bytes 56 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0)
    
    qdisc sfq 28: parent 1:28 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
     Sent 2949492 bytes 15990 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0)
    qdisc sfq 29: parent 1:29 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
     Sent 1039116 bytes 6678 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0)
    qdisc sfq 30: parent 1:30 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
     Sent 0 bytes 0 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0)
    qdisc sfq 31: parent 1:31 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
     Sent 5156 bytes 39 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0)
    qdisc sfq 32: parent 1:32 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
     Sent 0 bytes 0 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0)
    qdisc sfq 33: parent 1:33 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
     Sent 0 bytes 0 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0)
    qdisc sfq 34: parent 1:34 limit 128p quantum 1514b flows 128/1024 perturb 10sec
     Sent 1071110 bytes 6334 pkts (dropped 0, overlimits 0)
    Chain FORWARD (policy ACCEPT 1693K packets, 912M bytes)
     pkts bytes target     prot opt in     out     source               destination
    ......
    16471 3316K MARK       all  --  *      *       192.168.41.2         0.0.0.0/0           MARK match 0x7 MARK set 0x16
      331 51239 MARK       all  --  *      *       192.168.41.3         0.0.0.0/0           MARK match 0x7 MARK set 0x17
     7154 1125K MARK       all  --  *      *       192.168.41.4         0.0.0.0/0           MARK match 0x7 MARK set 0x18
        0     0 MARK       all  --  *      *       192.168.41.5         0.0.0.0/0           MARK match 0x7 MARK set 0x19
        1    40 MARK       all  --  *      *       192.168.41.6         0.0.0.0/0           MARK match 0x7 MARK set 0x1a
       56  9022 MARK       all  --  *      *       192.168.41.7         0.0.0.0/0           MARK match 0x7 MARK set 0x1b
    17496 2811K MARK       all  --  *      *       192.168.41.8         0.0.0.0/0           MARK match 0x7 MARK set 0x1c
     7498  986K MARK       all  --  *      *       192.168.41.9         0.0.0.0/0           MARK match 0x7 MARK set 0x1d
        0     0 MARK       all  --  *      *       192.168.41.10        0.0.0.0/0           MARK match 0x7 MARK set 0x1e
       39  4610 MARK       all  --  *      *       192.168.41.11        0.0.0.0/0           MARK match 0x7 MARK set 0x1f 
    
        0     0 MARK       all  --  *      *       192.168.41.12        0.0.0.0/0           MARK match 0x7 MARK set 0x20
        0     0 MARK       all  --  *      *       192.168.41.13        0.0.0.0/0           MARK match 0x7 MARK set 0x21
     6913 1019K MARK       all  --  *      *       192.168.41.14        0.0.0.0/0           MARK match 0x7 MARK set 0x22
    

Hal yang menarik di sini adalah

  1. Semua paket yang lewat chain FORWARD table mangle dengan tujuan lan mempunyai jumlah paket yang sama dengan yang tercatat di qdisc dev eth0 (lan).
  2. Semua paket yang lewat chain FORWARD table mangle dengan tujuan wan mempunyai jumlah paket yang senantiasa sama atau lebih besar dengan yang tercatat di qdisc dev eth1 (wan). Hal ini karena ada beberapa paket yang di-DROP di chain FORWARD table default. Terlihat pada gambar trafik flow di atas, setelah paket melewati chain FORWARD table mangle selanjutnya akan masuk chain FORWARD table filter.
  3. Jika ingin membatasi trafik upstream dari lan tanpa melewati chain FORWARD, maka ini bisa dilakukan di chain PREROUTING table mangle.

Last update: 2009-12-30 12:58 +07:00

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